The Senegal Parrot (Poicephalus senegalus) originates from West Africa where it is considered a farm pest. It is a gregarious species, continuously chattering, whistling and squawking. They live an average of approximately 25–30 years in the wild, and have been known to live for 50 years in captivity.
They are about 9 in. long, weigh about 120 to 170 g. They have a relatively large head and beak for their overall size, and feathers form a short broad tail. Adults have a charcoal grey head, grey beak, bright yellow irises, green back and throat, and yellow underparts and rump. The yellow and green areas on their front form a V-shape resembling a yellow vest worn over green. Young Juveniles have dark grey, almost black, irises, which change to light grey.
There are three subspecies. They do not differ in behavior, but only in the color of the "vest". In the pet trade, the nominate subspecies is the most common though all three are raised and sold as pets.
P. s. senegalus (the nominate subspecies): this subspecies has a yellow vest; its native range includes southern Mauritania, southern Mali to Guinea and Lobos Island
P. s. mesotypus: this subspecies has an orange vest; its range is from eastern and northeastern Nigeria and Cameroon into southwest Chad.
P. s. versteri: this subspecies has a deep-orange/red vest; its range is from the Ivory Coast and Ghana east to western Nigeria.
Hand raised Senegals are one of the most popular parrots to be kept as pets. Their calls are generally high pitched whistles and squawks, but they are not as noisy as many other parrot species. They are good talkers, although their voice is soft and a bit robotic sounding. They are playful, cuddly and animated pets.
Jodi's Exotic Birds